In this week’s reading club, we recommend an article, Yeap! Finland Will Become The First Country In The World To Get Rid Of All School Subjects that will give you an introduction to phenomenon-based learning.
Most of the current school systems are based on a defined curriculum:
curriculum, noun, the subjects comprising a course of study in a school or college.
Countries that are less economically developed try to use the curriculum to direct students towards desired political doctrine. For example, my primary and high school (Yugoslavia) curriculum was far left (socialism). That is the case even today (Croatia).
Finland decided to take a big leap in education, welcome to the phenomenon-based learning!
The phenomenon-based learning (PhBL or PhenoBL) is a multidisciplinary, constructivist form of learning or pedagogy where students study a topic or concept in a holistic approach instead of in a subject-based approach [wikipedia].
Holistic, adjective, characterized by comprehension of the parts of something as intimately interconnected and explicable only by reference to the whole.
How PhenoBL should work? The student chooses phenomena from the real world; let’s take, for example, Software Testing. Then, phenomena will be studied through an interdisciplinary approach, which means subjects will be included, but only those (and only parts of them) that contribute to excelling in the topic.
BBST Courses are great examples of PhenoBL for software testing.